Benzalkonium Chloride

Benzalkonium Chloride

Other name : alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride and ADBAC
Items                            Properties 
CAS NO.                      8001-54-5 
FORMULA                   C6H5CH2N(CH3)2RCl 
Molar mass                 (mixture) 
Appearance                white or yellow powder; gelatinous lumps; colorless solution 
Density                        0.98 
Solubility in water      very soluble 
MOL WT.                     424.15
Properties :
It has three main categories of use; as a biocide, a cationic surfactant and phase transfer agent in the chemical industry.It is readily soluble in ethanol and acetone. Although dissolution in water is slow and have a bitter taste and a faint almond-like odour .
Application :
Benzalkonium Chloride are used primarily in hand or face washes. Benzalkonium Chloride must not be applied to areas which have not been fully rinsed as it is inactivated by organic compounds. Benzalkonium application many include disinfecting instruments and preservativing drugs in low concentration form.
It is used in pharmaceuticals such as leave-on skin antiseptics, hygienic towelettes, and wet wipes, and ethanol-free solutions are often used in preparations used for skin disinfection prior to use of syringes. Its use as a preservative in cosmetics such as eye and nasal drops attests. There have been reports of allergic reactions associated with continuous, long-term use in sensitive users, especially on mucous membranes.

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