Chemical name : myristic acid
CAS # : 544-63-8
Molecular formula C14H28O2 / CH3(CH2)12COOH
Molar mass 228.37092
Density 0.8622 g/cm3
Melting point 58.8 °C, 332 K, 138 °F
Boiling point 250.5 °C at 100 mmHg
Melting point 53-55℃
Acid Value 244-248
Iodine value 0.5max
Saponification value 245-249
Color 0.2R/2Y max(51/4" lovibond cell)
Composition C12 1max; C14 99min; C16 1max
Characteristics and Application :
Myristic acid, also called tetradecanoic acid or 14:0 is a common saturated fatty acid. A myristate is a salt or ester of myristic acid.Myristic acid is named after the Nutmeg Myristica fragrans. Nutmeg butter is 75% trimyristin, the triglyceride of myristic acid. Besides nutmeg, myristic acid is also found in palm oil, coconut oil, butter fat, and spermacetin, the crystallized fraction of oil from the sperm whale.
Myristic acid is also commonly added co-translationally to the penultimate, nitrogen-terminus, glycine in receptor-associated kinases to confer the membrane localisation of the enzyme. The myristic acid has a sufficiently high hydrophobicity to become incorporated into the fatty acyl core of the phospholipid bilayer of the plasma membrane of the eukaryotic cell. In this way, myristic acid acts as a lipid anchor in biomembranes.The ester isopropyl myristate is used in cosmetic and topical medicinal preparations where good absorption through the skin is desired.
This product is white solid, no odor, soluble in water, alcohol, ether, chloroform, benzene, methanol and petroleum ether, insoluble in water.Widely used in cosmetics oily or cleaning products, used as components of washing soap, the cleaning ability is strong.
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