Chemical name : hydroxybenzene.
Other names : Carbolic Acid;Benzenol;Phenylic Acid;Hydroxybenzene;Phenic acid
CAS # : 108-95-2
Molecular formula C6H5OH
Molar mass 94.11 g/mol
Appearance White Crystalline Solid
Density 1.07 g/cm³
Melting point 40.5 °C, 314 K, 105 °F
Boiling point 181.7 °C, 455 K, 359 °F
Solubility in water 8.3 g/100 ml (20 °C)
Acidity (pKa) 9.95
Dipole moment 1.7 D
Flash point 79 °C
Characteristics and Application :
Phenol, also known as carbolic acid, is a toxic, white crystalline solid with a sweet tarry odor, commonly referred to as a "hospital smell".It is thus an aromatic compound.
Phenol is both a manufactured chemical and a natural substance. It is a colorless-to-white solid when pure. The commercial product is a liquid. Phenol has a distinct odor that is sickeningly sweet and tarry. Phenol evaporates more slowly than water, and a moderate amount can form a solution with water.
Phenol is used primarily in the production of phenolic resins and in the manufacture of nylon and other synthetic fibers. It is also used in slimicides (chemicals that kill bacteria and fungi in slimes), as a disinfectant and antiseptic, and in medicinal preparations such as mouthwash and sore throat lozenges.
Phenol has antiseptic properties, is also used in the preparation of cosmetics including sunscreens, hair dyes, and skin lightening preparations.Compounds containing phenol moieties can be used to prevent ultraviolet light-induced damage to hair and skin due to the UV-absorbing properties of the aromatic ring of the phenol.It is also used in cosmetic surgery as an exfoliant, to remove layers of dead skin.
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